Looking for the Key Part II: The Road There


It was a welcome contrast to the gauntlet of winding gravel road that wove its way through the dark and green tunnel of doom I had passed through. Not only was it gloomy but it seemed to  threaten to feed me to the old  rusted bridge suspended over the creek far below.

For the most part, the forestry service road appears to be reasonably maintained, scraped by dozers, trees held back by selective cutting and vegetation kept at bay with periodic controlled burns. The relative ease of navigation should not be allowed to lull one into overconfidence; rough spots require the driver to be keenly observant and patient.

Sandy dirt with a light mix of gravel was packed from recent traffic and rain. Said rain also resulted in sections of washboard soil; the forest corsets the road like a 19th century lady and the shoulder melts some 5-10 feet into the forest floor.  Travel too fast and one might find themself looking at the ground upside down. A bit further on, there is a puddle. A big puddle. Muddy and who knows how deep it goes? Might a catfish or two survive there? Surely crawfish would. Fortunately the road is wider here with room to ease slightly to the side and slowly splash one’s way through the ghastly murky depths. Which turned out to be a only couple of inches or so.

The road changes fairly frequently, but again, navigation is relatively easy for the careful driver. It narrows, then spreads out, the shoulder frequently melts to a dropoff of several feet in a few places,  then becomes more level with the sides of the road, and there are a couple of slight hills and curves.

After a bit of rolling on, an open meadow peeks through the pines. There in the center stands a massive tree, branches reaching to the heavens.

Having an fondness for trees, I parked the car to take in the serenity of this space so open to the sun and sky. A closer look reveals this to be a cluster of trees. I don’t know what kind. But it was magnificent.

Two smaller trees trailed behind the glorious tree, looking for all the world as if following their elder to an ENT moot.  They were moving too quickly for me to get a clear photo of them. 😉

Wandering around the edges of the meadow, this friendly little one showed its colors to me.

Returning to my vehicle, I moved on. There were places deep and dim in the woods that seemed to resent passing tourists. There were sunny places with grass that seemed as welcoming as the sun and blue sky.

The road continued forward and I along with it.

After traversing some 2 miles into the forest, the road ended in a turnaround. I had reached my destination. Now, to get to the business of meeting my self challenge…..find the homesite and to pay my respect in the cemeteries of Henry Key and the slaves that had lived and died there so very long ago.

to be continued…..


Looking for the Key Part I

It was the old family story that caused me to come across the story of Henry Key. Internet searches in efforts to discover what, if any connection of my family  to Francis Scott Key frequently brought up the name of Henry Key, or his son’s name Tandy Clarke Key.  Any possible lead seemed reasonable to follow up on , and in my genealogy beginner’s innocence,  my research often took me in quite a few  different directions. (It still does, on occasion)  Often they wound up at dead ends or irrelevant to my family tree.

In this case, this particular Henry Key apparently is not connected to the Key family from which I am descended. That would be Warren Key, who moved from South Carolina to the Adrian Ga area in the very late 1700-early 1800s and the founder of Key’s Methodist church, Adrian GA. A son, Burrel Key changed the spelling of his surname to Kea and some family members followed suit while others continued the original Key spelling.

It also turns out, according to other descendants who had a Y-DNA test done, that our branch of Keys are NOT related to Francis Scott Key.  Not even distantly. Research through documents supports this.

Sigh. Another cherished family story ripped apart and dashed to the ground.  Oh look, I’ve already recovered from the shock. 🙂   After all, folks in search of facts and truth in genealogical  research must learn to adapt and absorb what they find, whether it is what they think they want to know or not; good, bad, ugly and in between.

But I digress.

Henry Key was the son of John Key and Martha Tandy of Albermarle Va. He married Mary Clark and together with their children,  moved to Old Ninety Six District of South Carolina part of which later became Edgefield County.  He purchased some 2000 acres of land over time and built his family’s home on a high bluff  overlooking a large creek. Nearly every account I have found on this names Turkey Creek as the watercourse, while maps show it as Stephens/Stevens Creek.

Malinda Key Letcher (1755 – 1780)
John Alfred Key (1757 – 1840)
Henry Junior Key (1759 – 1810)
William Key (1761 – 1803)
Tandy Clark Key (1763 – 1801)
Mary Polly Key Martin (1765 – 1805)
Mary Isham Key Martin (1765 – 1855)
Naomi Key (1770 – 1775)

Tandy Clark(e) Key lived for some time in Jefferson County Ga. His name drew my attention while searching my Key family as well as my Stroud family. I have found no connection linking Tandy Clark Key to either of my family lines other than a recent mention of a man whose exact name  doesn’t come to mind but memory prompts me to state Tandy Clark Stroud. Additionally the particular passage mentioned a connection between T.C. Key and T.C. Stroud, who later moved to Alabama  Texas during the early 1800s. It is perhaps possible this may be a connection to my Stroud brick wall associated with my mysterious 3 great grandparents who first show up in records in Jefferson County GA about 1815.  Time and research will or will not show further evidence of this possibility.

Fascinated by the history of the locales and the families, it came to my attention that the Key homestead is not far from that of my current location.  Armed with details and information gleaned from the internet, I set out on a Sunday drive to attempt to locate the site and the rumored cemetery that remains there, both of the Key family and their slaves’ final resting places.

It’s not a long ride, nor a difficult one. Traveling from North Augusta Sc on Hwy 230-Martintown Rd, Key Road is on the left. Pastoral landscapes filled with gently rolling hills, dotted with cows, bordered with creeks and lined with open farmland and horse pastures. Once you cross Hwy 23 the landscape changes. Residential dwellings are non existent. There is little to no traffic.  For a short time, the road wanders atop a ridge.  A bit further on and the road narrows. The gravel is coarse and roars through the vehicle cabin as if  to warn you away.  Trees are tall and close, pushing the light away, making the traveler feel unwelcome and claustrophobic in the resulting gloom.

Doubts might begin to tease the back of one’s mind at the increasing gloom of the area, perhaps this is not the best choice of afternoon drives. Just as you begin to realize turnarounds are few, far between and rather sketchy looking, the descent begins. As if from childhood nightmares, the road curves and seems to disappear over the crest of a  hill.  But it continues downward and the further it descends, the deeper the gloom. When it seems the road can’t go any lower it levels out, but you’re not “safe” yet.  For the road has bottomed out at the precipice of a high bluff over a creek, spanned by one of the most unpleasant bridges I have ever seen.

The Key Road Bridge.

I stopped.  I weighed the value of my personal quest  against the menacing appearance of the rusted old construction straight out of my gephyrophobic nightmares. Knowing the road in question was less than two miles ahead I pushed forward.  Around the curve and up the next hill, the trees retreat and the daylight returns. There is an old ranger  – road maintenance station on the left. Just beyond that lies an unassuming dirt road on the left. At the end lies a popular recreational creek, walking and biking trails, two cemeteries, and an old historic home site.

But what would I find?

~ to be continued



Home of the brave Parts I and II

In the 1730s, an Indian path from Fort Moore to the Saluda ridge was used by traders going to the Cherokee Nation. Later, a wagon road from Ninety Six to Augusta followed the same route. Named for the Martin family who lived beside it and served well the cause of the Revolution, it was widely used during that conflict by Patriots, Tories, and British.

(Historic Marker) Erected by Martintown Road Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution – 1972

Marker ID  DAR 2-6 :on SC 230, 2 blocks S of intersection of SC230 (Martintown Rd.) and US 25 (Georgia Ave.), North Augusta


Some years ago  on one my Sunday afternoon larks, about 15-20 miles past I-20 out of North Augusta SC, I came upon a marker beside Hwy 230. It appeared to be a large headstone for a grave.

“Now who,” I thought ” would be buried beside a rather well known if not major, road in the area?”  Indulging my penchant for history and historical markers,  the car naturally turned itself around, found a good spot on the shoulder of the road and parked so that I may have a better view of the granite sentinel. It turned out to not be a grave marker, but rather, a marker indicating the settlement of Martintowne.

martintowne-marker-front      olde-martintowne-marker

The Martins were Scots Irish who migrated to America in the 17th century. They later migrated to various places;  Abram Martin married Elizabeth Marshall and they had seven sons and two daughters. Abram Martin was killed by American Indians in 1773 while he was surveying land.

Abram Martin-Elizabeth Marshall Martin at Rootsweb

All of the sons signed up to fight for America’s freedom from British rule. Mrs. Martin was a fervent patriot and when sneered at by a British officer who, learning that all of her seven sons fought the British, told her she’d had or sent enough. She answered she only wished she had more to send. Some stories tell that the British assailed the Martin women and their homesteads several times, destroying their belongings such as feather beds and pillows. Perhaps they were looking for silver or other treasures suspected to be hidden, or perhaps their deeds were intended to  serve as a demoralizing campaign.

All sons survived the war with the exception of William, who was killed during the siege of Augusta Ga in 1781. Family tradition tells that an English officer, while British held the fort at Ninety Six, (SC) road out one day (to Martintown) and asked the elder Mrs. Martin if she had a son who fought at Augusta. Daughter in law sitting nearby, she replied that she did. “Well I saw him get his head shot off” he told her while smiling maliciously. ” He could not have died in a better cause.” she responded.

Siege of Augusta

Steadfast patriotism and courage ran deep in these women, as in so many others.  Mrs. Martins’ two daughters in law lived in the home with her, as the men were all away at war. One day, the women heard that a courier along with British escorts would be passing through on the road near the homestead. Determined to intercept the courier, the two women, barely out of their teens, dressed in their husbands clothes and set off  on their mission. When the men  approached, the ladies stepped from their hiding place behind the rail fence and Grace Martin demanded the papers in the deepest voice she could conjure. Taken by complete surprise the courier and the escorts surrendered. Their captors generously paroled their prisoners after confiscating the papers.

The two women took a shortcut through the woods back to the house, just ahead of the British and changed back into their regular clothing.  The British men shortly thereafter stopped at the homestead asking for food and shelter. The elder Mrs. Martin asked why they returned so quickly when they had just passed by the home. The men showed her their paroles telling her of the two rebel men armed with rifles who had appeared so unexpectedly the British could not defend themselves. The men stayed the night  and went their way the next morning, never the wiser as to who had waylaid them the previous night.  The dispatches had been sent forward to General Nathaniel Greene.

Elizabeth, Grace and Rachel Martin, Women of the American Revolution.   

There are areas in the woods that look a bit different from the rest; trees seemingly planted in particular patterns, as if encircling homes that once stood in their shade. Everywhere one can look there are gentle slopes, dips,  and hills, good positions for a house to stand and to spot . Good spots to see passersby on the nearby road, or on their approach to the homestead, well in time to reach for Miss Brown Bess if need be. It is a place of serenity and simple beauty scattered with bits of wild forest standing ready to reclaim the forest if we should allow this place of importance to slip into memory.



martintown-woods martintown-knoll

Lick Fork Lake campground in the Sumter National Park is a short ride from the Martintown Marker. Information on Find a Grave indicates the Martin family cemetery lies between the marker at Martintown and Lick Fork Lake Roads. Provided the map is accurate, it could be surmised the house stood near the cemetery as people living in rural frontier areas often had their burying grounds close to their home.

This is a good place to wander the forest and ponder a dark night when two young ladies bravely captured enemy soldiers in support of forming a new, independent nation. Let us never forget their courage and the sacrifice of the many without whom the United States of America would not have been founded.

Map from Find a Grav


UPDATED 10.21.17

My K9s and my car recently convinced me to make a return trip to the old Martin family home site. That, and new information that came to my attention. A very small family cemetery is in the vicinity of the Martintown marker on Martintown Rd. It lies roughly .20 mile down the road that leads to Lick Fork Lake State Park. A couple of things would seem to indicate the original home place was in this area was the tendency of families to locate their burying grounds near their homes and several clusters of trees often seen on old homesites. The trace of an old sunken road can be spotted in the trees not far from the current road. The age of this sunken road area is unknown to me, though it’s possible it may date back to colonial days. The terrain and vegetation seemed more inviting to snakes than to traipsing around, so my camera stepped forward to provide visuals of the site.

Somewhere behind this gate lies the family burying ground and home site.  And lots of snakes.

Woods between the home site & Martintown Rd.  Lick Fork Lake Rd is on the right


Location area of possible original home site.

Sunken road bed to the right of Lick Fork Lake Rd.


Turn around and go back

The grey, wet skies lowered a chill to the earth on this day.  The raw Carolina countryside lured me down this road. Looking for a safe and inconspicuous place to turn around, this old homestead appeared around a curve. Its architecture and obvious age fascinated me, and so the jacket, hat and camera left their cozy spot in the passenger seat and joined me in braving the rain for a few snapshots.

Information on the old place seems nonexistent as I have found nothing thus far. It is well maintained property so it apparently has meaning for someone. Not to mention someone who wanders the random roads with camera and k9 companions.

It was a good place to stop, taste the raindrops, feel the damp chill, ponder a few moments, and turn around.

~B.L. Stroud
musings from the leery traveler


Raindrops on a tin roof.


There were no visible signs of steps having ever been at the side porch.


You can clearly see the old road bed, the house sits just below the line of the old road. Behind the little out buildings to the left is a small pond.


The old road cut.


Out building and old road cut.

Please, Get Lost!

“Even after 400 generations in villages and cities,
we haven’t forgotten. The open road still softly calls,
like a nearly forgotten song of childhood.”
~ Carl Sagan

                  photo courtesy https://bossfight.co


Many years ago, I journeyed to the mountains of Northwest Georgia. After a short visit to Amicalola Falls, the road began to wander through miles of apple orchards. Noticing the fuel gauge dropping, I stopped at the next decent gas station and refueled. Perhaps a bit of near empty tank anxiety clung to my psyche for shortly after I took a wrong turn. At first it made me nervous and I was downright frightened of becoming lost. Soon however, the rolling hills and gentle curves began to soothe my spirit and so the road beckoned me onward.
It was early morning and the mountain mists were still flirting with the dew kissed meadows. The road wound itself around the base of a mountain, straightening for a brief moment beside a pasture. As the sun peeked through the mists a white horse lifted its head amidst the sweet grasses and wildflowers. It may have been curious about the car, its creeping slow speed, the human at the wheel with mouth gaping open in amazement.
The serene moment was quickly stolen by the restless road, curving around yet another mountain base. It doubled back on itself and eventually ran back into the main road that funneled me onto the valley road. I hadn’t gotten lost. The road had gently teased me into going forward and gifted me with scenes peppered with little delights so perfect and so fleeting it would be easy to pass them off as a dream.
It was not a dream. Cruising down that mountain valley road had been very real, leaving me with images burned indelibly into my mind. I was grateful, for it had refreshed my weary soul at a time when it was thirsty for such respite.
Metaphors come to mind, so cliché and yet so relevant. Roads and paths sometimes present themselves to us and we are not sure which direction to go. Barring recklessness or apparent danger, last-minute decisions can sometimes be wonderful. The road may be difficult and it may only get you from point A to point B, it may be shorter and easier, it might have delights waiting just around the bend.
Trust your angels. Trust your instincts. Take the random road. Expect the unexpected. Enjoy the surprises and treasures waiting for you. Be curious but not reckless. Navigate carefully the obstacles and pot holes that can be lessons. Don’t let fear make all your decisions for you.
And always have a back up plan. Like an auto club membership, GPS or a good old-fashioned map.
Go ahead, get lost in your surroundings once in a while.
You may just find you’re not so lost after all.

~ B.L. Stroud
Musings from the leery traveler

Down the road and around the bend

There’s a place at the top of a ridge where you can see for miles.

Not far from Clarks Hill, SC and the Clarks Hill Dam and lake
(Thurmond lake on the South Carolina side of the border)

Some people liken these gentle hills of South Carolina to Ireland.

I’ve never been to Ireland, so I cannot speak to that.

But these hills are lovely, and I can attest to that.

Two minutes after these photos were taken, the colors slipped from the sky and
fell into dusk.

~B.L. Stroud
scenes from a Sunday drive